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July 2024

Update on Junk Bond Market

Junk bond market had given investors great return in both 2009 and 2010.  With junk yield approaching historical low, one of the greatest short opportunities starts to take shape.

The memory of the great credit bubble burst in 2007 is still fresh .  Back then, junk bond spread (with comparable treasuries) reached its lowest point in history, about 2.6%.  Now the yield spread stands in 4.5% range – looking relatively high and indeed the spread may go even lower – This is exactly the argument from junk bulls.

But a simple analysis clearly defies bulls’ logic, in favor of junk bears.

First, interest rate is at historically low.  It can only go up in the future, regardless whether it’s due to true economic recovery or because high inflation forces interest rate to rise.  When the Fed reverses its monetary policy, bond market will be hit hard.  Junk bond, with its bigger default risk and higher volatility, will be hit hardest.

Second, if the economy instead turns southward, entering a period of protracted low growth, mimicking Japan after its housing bubble burst, then the default risk will rise sharply.  By then, Bernanke co. may print more money, but it won’t matter any more.  Ask yourself: What real effect have QE1 and QE2 really had on the economy, besides popping up asset prices?!

For investors, timing again is important. Watch the Fed’s move and hear their talks- any sign of rate hike will be the trigger.

This short video from Financial Times gives you a nice  historical perspective on the junk bond market.

(click on the graph to play the video).




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Credit contraction

Two fascinating charts (click to enlarge) from David Rosenberg.

This historical credit contraction should give pause to the argument for sharp economic recovery. The contraction is a result of both banks’ unwillingness to lend and consumers’ caution toward consumption on credit. This, not surprisingly, coincides with rising personal saving rate.

Also report from WSJ:

U.S. consumers in November reduced borrowing by the most on record, cutting credit card use by nearly 20% even as the economy recovers.

Consumer credit outstanding decreased at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 8.5% to $2.465 trillion.

The $17.5 billion tumble is the largest since the Fed began keeping records in 1943.

Economists surveyed by Dow Jones Newswires had forecast a $6 billion drop in consumer credit. It was the 10th drop in a row. Consumer credit fell $4.2 billion in October.

Household debt began dropping in the summer of 2008. The financial crisis struck and sparked panic, startling people into taking a serious look at their balance sheets.

While weaning oneself off debt is considered good from a personal finance viewpoint, widespread deleveraging among U.S. households has reduced spending, an omen for the economy.

Consumer spending makes up two-thirds of gross domestic product, the measure of economic activity. Their spending needs to grow for the economy to recover into 2010. But some banks are making it hard for people to get loans. And the job market hasn’t healed; data Friday showed payrolls fell in December, even more than expected.

Retail sales rose strongly in October and November. The Fed report Friday suggested people are dipping into savings to support their spending. Revolving credit, or credit-card use, fell by $13.7 billion to $874.0 billion. That was a record 14th straight drop. At 18.5%, the fall was the biggest since December 1974. Credit-card use fell 9.9% in October and 10.5% in September.

Non-revolving credit, including automobile and mobile home loans, decreased in November by 2.9%, or $3.8 billion, to $1.591 trillion.

The consumer-credit data exclude home mortgages and other real estate-secured loans. These tend to be highly volatile from month to month and are frequently revised. But the report still has interesting details on how Americans finance their lifestyles.

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Consumer credit contraction in historical perspective

High unemployment with historical consumer credit contraction —double whammy for American consumers.

(click to enlarge, graph courtesy of calculatedrisk)